07 May 2013

Lysenkoism, or Thought Control

Trofim Lysenko

Lysenkoism was the name given to centralized political control over the sciences of genetics and agronomy in the old Soviet Union from the late 1920s to 1964. Named after Trofim Lysenko, a minister of agriculture under Lenin and Stalin, the term "Lysenkoism is used metaphorically to describe the manipulation or distortion of the scientific process as a way to reach a predetermined conclusion as dictated by an ideological bias, often related to social or political objectives."

If you think Stalinism died with the passing of the Soviet Union, you've got another think coming.
"In March, at the urging of U.S. Senator Tom Coburn (R-OK), Congress halted funding for political science—“except for” research that the agency's director certifies as “promoting national security or the economic interests of the United States.” This extra test might not stop with political science. Representative Bill Posey (R-FL), in an NSF oversight hearing on 17 April, asked John Holdren, President Obama's science adviser, why Coburn's two criteria were not “a good and proper filter” to apply to all NSF grants..." 
Then, on April 17,
"over the course of two contentious hearings, the new chairman of the House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology floated the idea of having every NSF grant application include a statement of how the research, if funded, "would directly benefit the American people." Representative Lamar Smith (R-TX) said that he was not trying to "micromanage" the $7 billion agency but that NSF needs to do a better job of deciding what to fund given the low success rates for grant applicants and a shrinking federal budget."  
And now, "[t]he new chair of the House of Representatives science committee has drafted a bill that, in effect, would alter peer review at the National Science Foundation by embracing a set of criteria chosen by Congress."

Lamar Smith, the Republican head of the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, seems to believe that the NSF needs a political director to oversee its grant-funding process rather than its current peer review process which relies on the informed opinions of knowledgable and qualified experts in the specific areas under review.

This is, precisely, thought control. Nothing less.

Think through the implications of such a political position: Scientific research and discovery should only be allowed if it serves or pursues the interests of the State (or, better, the party in power). Truth only counts if it's consistent with prevailing ideology. Ignorance is preferable to inconvenient truths.

The denial of reality does not make it go away.

[Wait, didn't we see this ideological position take in on the chin in the last election cycle with the Republicans' rejection of analytic polls that critiqued the methodological assumptions of their own preferred polls and didn't match their victory narrative? Oh, and hey, didn't I ask this same question in a post last month about the economics of austerity?]

How does one arrive at such a know-nothing position. Turns out Rep. Lamar Smith is a Christian Scientist.
"Christian Scientists [] subscribe to a radical form of philosophical idealism, believing that spiritual reality is the only reality and that the material world is an illusion. This includes the view that sickness and death are illusions caused by mistaken beliefs, and that the sick should be treated by a special form of prayer intended to correct those beliefs, rather than by medicine. Between the 1880s and 1990s the avoidance of medical care and vaccination led to the deaths of a number of adherents and their children; several parents and others were prosecuted for manslaughter or neglect, and in a few cases convicted." 
These are the anti-vaccine activists, or at least their ideological mother ship. These are the people who choose, or at least chose, to pray for their sick kids rather than allow medical treatment. This may not be fully explanatory, but it is insightful.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the censorious urge is clearly strong with Coburn, Posey, Smith, and their party.

If Lamar Smith is such an anti-science, anti-reality, know-nothing, political ideologue, how did he get to be the head of the House committee on science? Doesn't the question imply its own answer?

But then arise the contradictions for conservatives, libertarians, and Republicans: How is this "smaller government"? How is this getting the government out of the way? How is this freedom? It seems to be in direct opposition to their professed ideals and, moreover, their proclaimed reasons for people to vote for them.

How is this not Lysenkoism? How is this not Stalinism? What's next? Loyalty oaths? Purges?


BDR said...

I had a job at a health food store in a strip mall at the corner of Gaither and Shady Grove (people can vouch) called Dr Feelgoods, the owner, Rusty (who looked like Bob Ross) (and was a very decent guy) was a recent convert to Christian Science. He brought his girlfriend, the proselytizer, back into the backroom to make a salad and she cut off the her left pinky above the the highest knuckle. Bled like a geyser despite her denials.

Jim H. said...

Fine metaphors abound. Or gross.

ifthethunderdontgetya™³²®© said...

Libertarians like the ones at Reason answer it this way:

"Where do we get our money from? Oh right, the Kochs. Therefore, letting billionaires do what they want is more important than little things like government regulating lady parts."

Randal Graves said...

I just better get my Brezhnev hat, dammit.

Abonilox said...

I prefer my idealism to come from Berkeley.

Also, thanks for the vocab lesson: "Lysenkoism" is a great word and I am looking forward to finding a way to sneak it into a smug online comment somewhere someday.

Oh also, how is the Pledge of Allegiance not some kind of loyalty oath?